68 fahrenheit。 What is 20 degrees Celsius in Fahrenheit

North American F

68 fahrenheit

Enter a number representing a temperature in either the box or the box and click on the Calculate button. The converted temperature for the other scale will appear in that box. While you may use decimal input, the final result will be rounded to whole numbers. If you wish to have more accuracy to decimal places, try the Version 2 below this converter. Defaults are for freezing in both scales. Press the Reset button to clear any values in both boxes and reset them to the defaults of freezing. Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion Precise Enter a number representing a temperature in either the box or the box and click on the Calculate button or anywhere else other than the data field. This uses an adaptation of the formula to do the conversion but as you will see, provides decimal accuracy. We have reversed the entry so as not to confuse the two calculators. This one is first, while the original is last. While you may use decimal input, the final result will be rounded to a maximum of 18 decimal places. How to Convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit We have created a listing of the formulas needed to convert temperature to and from both Celsius commonly misspelled celcius and Fahrenheit commonly misspelled Farenheit. We have also created a converter for your use. The formulas can teach the process and the converter will make your life easier. This requires the use of enabled and capable browsers. Using the above formula, you would first subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit temperature and get 66. Below is the formula to convert a Celsius scale temperature into degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. Using the stated formula, you first multiply the Celsius scale temperature reading by nine-fifths and get a result of 180. Then add 32 to 180 and get the final converted result of 212 degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. Below is another accepted conversion method that works just as well and perhaps might be easier to remember. No matter which direction you want to covert, to Celsius or to Fahrenheit, always first add 40 to the number. Then, always subtract out the 40 you just added to yield the final result. For an example of this method, we'll use the values we used in the initial example, 98. To convert from F to C, try these calculations manually. For the final calculation, remove the 40. For the final calculation, remove the 40. C to F multiply by the other, subtract 40. The term Celsius was adopted in 1948 by an international conference on weights and measures.

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Celsius

68 fahrenheit

Enter a number representing a temperature in either the box or the box and click on the Calculate button. The converted temperature for the other scale will appear in that box. While you may use decimal input, the final result will be rounded to whole numbers. If you wish to have more accuracy to decimal places, try the Version 2 below this converter. Defaults are for freezing in both scales. Press the Reset button to clear any values in both boxes and reset them to the defaults of freezing. Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion Precise Enter a number representing a temperature in either the box or the box and click on the Calculate button or anywhere else other than the data field. This uses an adaptation of the formula to do the conversion but as you will see, provides decimal accuracy. We have reversed the entry so as not to confuse the two calculators. This one is first, while the original is last. While you may use decimal input, the final result will be rounded to a maximum of 18 decimal places. How to Convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit We have created a listing of the formulas needed to convert temperature to and from both Celsius commonly misspelled celcius and Fahrenheit commonly misspelled Farenheit. We have also created a converter for your use. The formulas can teach the process and the converter will make your life easier. This requires the use of enabled and capable browsers. Using the above formula, you would first subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit temperature and get 66. Below is the formula to convert a Celsius scale temperature into degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. Using the stated formula, you first multiply the Celsius scale temperature reading by nine-fifths and get a result of 180. Then add 32 to 180 and get the final converted result of 212 degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. Below is another accepted conversion method that works just as well and perhaps might be easier to remember. No matter which direction you want to covert, to Celsius or to Fahrenheit, always first add 40 to the number. Then, always subtract out the 40 you just added to yield the final result. For an example of this method, we'll use the values we used in the initial example, 98. To convert from F to C, try these calculations manually. For the final calculation, remove the 40. For the final calculation, remove the 40. C to F multiply by the other, subtract 40. The term Celsius was adopted in 1948 by an international conference on weights and measures.

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Celsius

68 fahrenheit

Produced by , the Sabre is best known as the United States' first fighter that could counter the swept-wing Soviet in high-speed dogfights in the skies of the 1950—1953 , fighting some of the earliest jet-to-jet battles in history. Considered one of the best and most important fighter aircraft in that war, the F-86 is also rated highly in comparison with fighters of other eras. Although it was developed in the late 1940s and was outdated by the end of the 1950s, the Sabre proved versatile and adaptable and continued as a front-line fighter in numerous air forces until the last active operational examples were retired by the in 1994. Variants were built in Canada and Australia. The Sabre is by far the , with total production of all variants at 9,860 units. By late 1944, North American proposed its first jet fighter to the U. It was an unexceptional transitional jet fighter that had a straight wing derived from the P-51. In early 1945, North American Aviation submitted four designs. These data showed that a thin, swept wing could greatly reduce drag and delay problems that had bedeviled fighters such as the when approaching the speed of sound. By 1944, German engineers and designers had established the benefits of swept wings based on experimental designs dating back to 1940. Study of the data showed that a swept wing would solve their speed problem, while a slat on the wing's leading edge that extended at low speeds would enhance low-speed stability. Despite stiff opposition, after good results were obtained in wind tunnel tests, the swept-wing concept was eventually adopted. The first flight occurred on 1 October 1947 with at the controls, flying from Muroc Dry Lake now , California. The 's had F-86 Sabres in service from 1949 through 1950. The F-86s were assigned to the 22nd Bomb Wing, the 1st Fighter Wing, and the 1st Fighter Interceptor Wing. The F-86 Sabre was also produced under license by , as the Canadair Sabre. The final variant of the Canadian Sabre, the Mark 6, is generally rated as having the highest capabilities of any Sabre version. Compton won the 1951 Bendix air race in an F-86A with an average speed of 553. Sabre at in livery of The F-86 was produced as both a and. Several variants were introduced over its production life, with improvements and different armament implemented see below. This engine was built by 's division until production was turned over to. The engine was used in the F-86A-1 producing a thrust of 5,200 lbf 23 kN , while the engine of the F-86H produced 9,250 lbf 41 kN of thrust. The fighter-bomber version F-86H could carry up to 2,000 lb 907 kg of bombs, including an external fuel-type tank that could carry. The F-86 could also be fitted with a pair of external jettisonable jet fuel tanks four on the F-86F beginning in 1953 that extended the range of the aircraft. Both the interceptor and fighter-bomber versions carried six 0. Firing at a rate of 1,200 rounds per minute, the 0. Initial planes were fitted with the. The transition from props to jets was not without accidents and incidents even for experienced fighter pilots. Additionally, the ongoing technical development and long production history of the F-86 resulted in some significant differences in the handling and flying characteristics between the various F-86 models. Each of these design changes impacted the handling and flying characteristics of the F-86, not necessarily for the better. In the case of the solid leading edge and increased internal fuel capacity, the design change produced increased combat performance, but exacerbated a dangerous and often fatal handling characteristic upon take-off if the nose were raised prematurely from the runway. This 'over-rotation' danger is now a major area of instruction and concern for current F-86 pilots. The resulting in 22 fatalities and 28 other casualties was a result of over-rotation on take-off. In response, three squadrons of F-86s were rushed to the Far East in December. Early variants of the F-86 could not out turn, but they could out dive the MiG-15, although the MiG-15 was superior to the early F-86 models in ceiling, acceleration, rate of climb, and zoom. With the introduction of the F-86F in 1953, the two aircraft were more closely matched, with many combat-experienced pilots claiming a marginal superiority for the F-86F. The heavier firepower of the MiG and many other contemporary fighters was addressed by fielding eight cannon-armed F-86s in the waning months of the war. Despite being able to fire only two of the four 20 mm cannon at a time, the experiment was considered a success. The MiGs flown from bases in by Chinese, North Korean, and Soviet pilots were pitted against two squadrons of the forward-based at , Korea. Former Communist sources now acknowledge Soviet pilots initially flew the majority of MiG-15s that fought in Korea, and dispute that more MiG-15s than F-86s were shot down in air combat. Later in the war, North Korean and Chinese pilots increased their participation as combat flyers. The North Koreans and their allies periodically contested air superiority in , an area near the mouth of the Yalu River the boundary between and China over which the most intense air-to-air combat took place. Although the F-86A could be safely flown through Mach 1, the F-86E's all-moving greatly improved maneuverability at high speeds. The MiG-15 could not safely exceed Mach 0. Far greater emphasis had been given to the training, aggressiveness, and experience of the F-86 pilots. The hunting of MiGs in Manchuria would lead to many reels of gun camera footage being 'lost' if the reel revealed the pilot had violated Chinese airspace. The needs of combat operation balanced against the need to maintain an adequate force structure in Western Europe led to the conversion of the from the to the F-86 in December 1951. Two fighter-bomber wings, the and , converted to the F-86F in the spring of 1953. On 17 June 1951, at 01:30 hours, was bombed by two biplanes. Each Po-2 dropped a pair of fragmentation bombs: one scored a hit on the 802nd Engineer Aviation Battalion's motor pool, damaging some equipment. Two bombs burst on the flightline of the 335th Fighter Interceptor Squadron. The fire took hold, gutting the aircraft. Prompt action by personnel who moved aircraft away from the burning Sabre prevented further loss. Eight other Sabres were damaged in the brief attack, four seriously. One F-86 pilot was among the wounded. The North Koreans subsequently credited Lt. La Woon Yung with this damaging attack. By the end of hostilities, F-86 pilots were credited with shooting down 792 MiGs for a loss of only 78 Sabres in air-to-air combat, a victory ratio of 10:1. Of the 41 American pilots who earned the designation of during the Korean War, all but one flew the F-86 Sabre, the exception being a Navy night fighter pilot. Chinese claims of their losses amount to 224 MiG-15s in Korea. North Korean losses are not known, but according to North Korean defectors, their air force lost around 100 MiG-15s during the war. The status of many claimed air-to-air victories in the Korean War has been increasingly debated as more data becomes available, showing that instances of over-claiming abounded on both sides. The research by Dorr, Lake and Thompson claimed a F-86's kill ratio closer to 2:1. However, this ratio were not count the number of aircraft of other types B-29, A-26, F-80, F-82, F-84. South African Air Force lost 6 F-86s in the war. This gives 256 confirmed F-86 losses during the Korean War. Sabres and MiGs were shortly to battle each other in the skies of Asia once again in the. In August 1958, the of the People's Republic of China attempted to force the off of the islands of and by shelling and blockade. Nationalist F-86Fs flying over the islands found themselves confronted by Communist MiG-15s and , and numerous dogfights resulted. During these battles, the Nationalist Sabres introduced a new element into aerial warfare. Under a secret effort designated , the U. The MiGs enjoyed an altitude advantage over the Sabres, as they had in Korea, and Communist Chinese MiGs routinely cruised over the Nationalist Sabres, only engaging when they had a favorable position. The Sidewinder took away that advantage and proved to be devastatingly effective against the MiGs. Though sabre was no longer a world-class fighter due to availability of supersonic jets. On the morning of 6 September, six F-86s of No. Along with the newer fighter types such as the and the , the Sabres were tasked with the majority of operations during the war. The most interesting of these was a battle between two Sabres and four MiG-21s. One MiG was shot down, without any Sabres lost. This was achieved due to better low-speed performance of the Sabre in comparison to the delta-winged MiG-21. After this war, Pakistan slowly phased out its F-86 Sabres and replaced them with Chinese Soviet based fighters. A few former Norwegian Air Force F-86Fs were also purchased as spares in 1968—69. These aircraft were used in the , in ground-attack and close-support operations against the insurgent forces. In August 1962, 5314 overshot the runway during emergency landing with bombs still attached on underwing hardpoints and burned out. F-86F 5322 was shot down by enemy ground fire on 31 May 1963; the pilot ejected safely and was recovered. Several other aircraft suffered combat damage, but were repaired. In 1964, 16 F-86Fs based at returned to mainland Portugal due to U. They had flown 577 combat sorties, of which 430 were ground-attack and close-air-support missions. The most notable use of the F-86 Sabres was in the aerobatic display team, which operated eight Sabres until the arrival of the newer, supersonic. He was killed on 11 January 1974 during a combat sortie against rebels in the south of the country. Their search was frustrated, largely due to the U. However, on one occasion, an F-86 was downed in the tidal area of a beach and subsequently was submerged, preventing its destruction. G-suits and radar gun sights also went. Installed in the MiG-17, the gunsight system was later used against American fighters in the Vietnam War. The F-86 studies also contributed to the development of aircraft aluminum alloys such as V-95. The F-86D had only 25 percent commonality with other Sabre variants, with a larger fuselage, larger afterburning engine, and a distinctive nose radome. One E and two Fs were modified for improved performance via rocket boost. F-86F R F-86F-30 52-4608 had a with 3,000—6,000 lbf 13,344. F-86F-2 Designation for 10 aircraft modified to carry the in place of the M3. Four F-86E-10s serial numbers 51-2803, 2819, 2826 and 2836 and six F-86F-1s serial numbers 51-2855, 2861, 2867, 2868, 2884 and 2900 were production-line aircraft modified in October 1952 with enlarged and strengthened gun bays, then flight tested at Edwards Air Force Base and the Air Proving Ground at Eglin Air Force Base in November. Two were lost to engine compressor stalls after ingesting excessive propellant gases from the cannons. As a consequence of its powerplant, the Australian-built Sabres are commonly referred to as the Avon Sabre. The Sabres were already on reserve status at the time of the but were reinstated to active service to bolster air defences against possible Chilean involvement. Their Aerobatic Team, a total of 18 F-models were converted to reconnaissance version in 1962. Some aircraft were returned to the , California, as drones. In Portugal, they served in formerly designated as Sqn. In 1961, Portuguese Air Force deployed some of its F-86Fs to , where they formed Detachment 52, based at Base-Aerodrome No. The last F-86s retired in 1990. Credited with shooting down two MiGs over Korea. Shot down and killed in 1962 while flying a over Cuba during the. He was posted missing, presumed killed, during service with the United States Air Force in the Korean War flying a Sabre. First American astronaut to orbit the Earth, later a from Ohio. Second World War fighter ace 8. Faller managed to bring the stricken aircraft down in a vacant lot 600 yards south of the Heights Elementary School, later renamed Theodore Faller Elementary School. A wide variety of bombs could be carried max standard loadout being two 1,000 lb bombs plus two drop tanks , canisters and could have included a tactical nuclear weapon. The MiG-17 proved to be a deadly foe in Vietnam in the 1960s against more advanced U. Red Devils over the Yalu: A Chronicle of Soviet Aerial Operations in the Korean War 1950—53 Helion Studies in Military History. A MiG-15 to Freedom: Memoir of the Wartime North Korean Defector who First Delivered the Secret Fighter Jet to the Americans in 1953. Red Wings over the Yalu: China, the Soviet Union, and the Air War in Korea. Korean Confidential, 4 December 2012. Fiza ya: Psyche of the Pakistan Air Force. New Delhi: Himalayan Books, 1991. The New Review Ridgecrest, California , 14 August 2014. Serie Fuerza Aérea in Spanish. Bahía Blanca, Argentina: Fuerzas Aeronavales. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International Publishers, 1993. The United States Air Force in Korea, 1950-1953. Air Force History and Museums Program, 2000. Plantersville, South Carolina: Samworth Press, 1948. Forever Flying: Fifty Years of High-Flying Adventures, From Barnstorming in Prop Planes to Dogfighting Germans to Testing Supersonic Jets: An Autobiography. Die schnellsten Jets der Welt: Weltrekord- Flugzeuge in German. Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatic Verlag-GmbH, 1994. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2007. Me 262: Entwicklung und Erprobung des ertsen einsatzfähigen Düsenjäger der Welt, Messerschmitt Stiftung in German. Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH, 1996. Le Havre, France: Editions Minimonde76, 2018. London: Lonely Planet Publications, 2004. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2002. American Combat Planes — Second Edition. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1968. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2005. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1999. Meteor, Sabre and Mirage in Australian Service. Weston Creek: Aerospace Publications, 1989. Weston Creek: Aerospace Publications, 1994. Military Aircraft of the Cold War The Aviation Factfile. London: Grange Books plc, 2006.

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